Hypoglycemia: How to
Prevent, Treat, and Manage It
defined as abnormally low blood glucose (sugar) levels.
The brain requires sugar for normal function, and has very
limited ability to store glucose. Blood glucose levels are
regulated by a complex interaction of bodily processes.
especially toy breed puppies, are predisposed to developing
hypoglycemia because they have less ability to store and
mobilize glucose, compared to older/bigger animals.
hypoglycemia, it is necessary to feed the puppy at least
3 times a day until the puppy is at least 3 months old.
It is helpful to
give the puppy 1-3 cc or about 1-3 inches (based on weight) of
Nutri-Cal or Forti-Cal gel in the morning and
evening. This along with seeing that the puppy eats well can be
the best preventative.
If a puppy looks
listless, depressed, or has chills these could be part of the
first signs of a hypoglycemia attack so you need to call your
This is followed
by muscular weakness, which causes nervousness, tremors
(especially in the facial muscles), and the inability to walk
In severe cases,
the puppy may become unconscious or go into a seizure.
Not all of these
signs may be present during the course of the hypoglycemia.
occur without warning and is brought on by stress such as moving
to a new home or while shipping. Missed meals, excessive
playing, or extreme heat can also cause hypoglycemia.
Hypoglycemia is an emergency!
of hypoglycemia is aimed at restoring blood sugar levels. Begin
treatment AT ONCE. If puppy continues to have low blood sugar,
permanent brain damage can occur.
If puppy is awake
give a small amount of Karo syrup (clear)
by mouth with an eyedropper or syringe. Another small amount
should follow in just a few minutes. In the meantime you should
call the vet and let him/her know you suspect
hypoglycemia. Follow the Vetís instructions.
If puppy is
unconscious, the puppy needs dextrose solution intravenously-take
the puppy to the vet immediately.